Meet Zoi Lygerou, professor at the University of Patras and EMBO Member
Focus on Denmark
Facts and figures, life scientists in Denmark, EMBO opportunities
Denmark is a founding member of the EMBC.
Facts and figures
Gross expenditure on research and development in Denmark is around 3% of GDP2, about two thirds of which come from the private sector2. The life science industry accounts for more than 50,000 jobs and around 22% of the Danish product export, making it one of the country’s largest export industries8.
Life science clusters, such as the Danish-Swedish Medicon Valley, bring together universities, clinics and companies, and allow access to the largescale research infrastructures MAX IV and European Spallation Source in nearby Lund, encouraging innovation and cross-disciplinary research in biomedicine and biotechnology9. Denmark carries out more clinical trials per capita than any other OECD country10. In a recently published strategy for life science, the Danish government reiterated the dedication to the sector with concrete initiatives to, for example, enhance sustainable growth and strengthen partnerships8.
Denmark has a high level of employment and secondary education attainment with 81% of adults having completed secondary school11. It has 38 higher education institutions, including eight universities and seven university colleges6, and more than 600 courses taught in English12. The University of Copenhagen is one of the largest research and education institutions in Scandinavia6. Teaching and learning in Danish higher education institutions emphasizes innovation and collaboration13. Higher education is free for students from the EU. Annual fees of around 6,000 – 16,000 euros apply for students coming from outside the EU, however, a limited number of scholarships is available, too14. Approximately 11% of students come from outside Denmark5.
Sustainability is also a large part of Danish life: The country has a national bike path network of 12,000 km15, 50% of the energy comes from renewable sources16, and the Danish government launched an ambitious green research and innovation strategy in 202017.
Population: 5.8 million1
R&D spending: 3% of GDP2
Patents: 2,404 in 20203
International students: 11%5
Universities: 8, and 7 university
Horizon 2020 funding:
Horizon 2020 funding:
2,892 projects, 188 ERC principal
All life scientists in Denmark are eligible for the EMBO Programmes supporting life scientists in Europe and beyond.
Find out about all EMBO funding schemes here.
All information as of January 2022.
- Statistics Denmark: Population figures
- Statistics Denmark: Research and development
- European Patent Office: Press release 16.3.2021
- Statistics Denmark: R&D employees
- Danmarks videnhandelsbalance
- Study in Denmark: Higher Education Institutions
- H2020 Country Profile: Denmark
- Agreement on a strategy for life science
- Work in Denmark: Life Science
- Healthcare Denmark
- OECD Better Life Index
- Study in Denmark: Study in English
- Study in Denmark: High academic standards
- Study in Denmark: Tuition fees
- Denmark.dk (Ministry of Foreign Affairs): Quick Facts about Denmark
- Denmark.dk (Ministry of Foreign Affairs): Pioneers in clean energy
- Ministry of Higher Education and Science: Green research strategy